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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF DECEASED CLERGY AND LAYPEOPLE


Obituaries (1875-1876) in the 1877 Register

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Obituaries (1875-1876) in the 1877 Register

A TRIBUTE TO THE DEPARTED

I. Rev. Jeduthun Lockwood, son of David and Diadamia (Scofield) Lockwood, was born in Bristol (Ontario Co.), N. Y., April 21, 1803, and died in Hillsdale, Mich., October 30, 1875, in his seventy-third year. Whatever schooling he received was in Manchester, N. Y. In 1824 he was married to Miss Mary Potter, and the same year he began to preach. In 1832 he received a letter of fellowship, and in 1839 he was ordained at Grass Lake, Jackson Co., Mich. He labored in the ministry for some years in Scipio and Hillsdale, Mich. For the last few years of his life he was an invalid and unable to preach, but for many years previously he was well and favorably known through Ohio, Indiana and Michigan. He was noted for his sound judgment, his spiritual fervor, his ready sympathies, and was especially adapted to be a comforter to mourners. He left a widow and several children.

II. Rev. Asher Moore, son of John and Susanna (Stew- art) Moore, was born in Anson, Me., May 19, 1805, and died in Hammonton, N. J., November 18, 1875, in his seventy-first year. He had only a common school education, but by reading and diligent study he became possessed of good information on general subjects. He was licensed to preach by the Maine Convention, in June, 1838. He was ordained in June, 1839. He preached more or less in Anson and the vicinity for several years, in the meantime carrying on his father's farm in Anson. In 1854 he removed to Win- throp, Me., and engaged in fruit culture, living there till 1859, when he moved for the benefit of his health to Ham- monton, N. J., and preached there occasionally, until a shock of paralysis, some years ago, entirely disabled him. He was married October 16, 1827, to Miss Abigail Spauld- ing, and of their eight children, six survive,--two sons and four daughters,--together with their mother. Mr. Moore was not endowed with great energj-, but bore a respectable character, was a stanch Universalist, and died rejoicing in the faith which he had defended with his living voice.

III. Rev. Jeremiah Stoddard, son of Captain Abel and Mary (Fellows) Stoddard, was born in Greene, Me., July 11, 1794, and died in the same town, December 18, 1875, in his eighty-second year. When he was a lad of four years, his family moved to the town of Durham, Me., and lived there seventeen years, and from thence to Farmington, in the same State, where he attended an academy for four years, and fitted himself for teaching. It is said that he taught school for twenty-two terms. He was also noted as a teacher of singing. In 1829 he began to preach as an itinerant, and continued to do so for sixteen years, preach- ing, it is said, in no less than a hundred towns. In 1831 he received the rite of baptism by immersion from the hands of Rev. Thomas Doloff, in the town of Jay. He was ordained in February, 1845, at Canton, Me., he being at that time fifty-one years of age. He was a good general scholar, excelling especially in mathematics, and was withal quite an inventive genius. He spent much time and labor on a project for perpetual motion, as many had done before him, and with as little success. He preached in Canton, Me., for a couple of years, and in 1845 moved to Boston, and for six years lived there and preached as he had oppor- tunity. For one year he lived in Springfield, Mass., then for twelve years in Milford, in the same State. In 1864 he returned to his native town, where he spent the remainder of his life. In 1825 he was married, in Farmington, Me., to Miss Mary Ann, daughter of Shubel Smith, and she, with three children,--one son and two daughters,--remains, three children having died before him. Mr. Stoddard was a deep thinker, a good writer, an instructive preacher, very retiring in his manner, and a man of pure life and sterling integrity.

IV. Rev. George Bates, son of Solomon and Mary (Macomber) Bates, was born in Fayette, Me., February 12, 1798, and died in Auburn, Me., January 24, 1876, having nearly completed his seventy-eighth year. He came of a good family. His father had been a member of the Massa- chusetts Senate while Maine was a part of that State; his eldest brother, Dr. James Bates, had been a member of Congress; and other brothers rose to distinction in social and mercantile life. His mother came from a Quaker family of Taunton, Mass. On coming of age, having acquired a good common school education, and learned the blacksmith's trade, he removed to Livermore, Me., and there, on the 26th of May, 1821, he was married to Miss Hannah Haines. She died in Turner, Me., in March, 1832, after having borne him four children. August 28, 1832, he was married to Mrs. Louisa (Prince) Bailey, of Buckfleld, Me., who bore him nine children, of whom six, together with their mother, still live. Mr. Bates was licensed (or, according to the language of that day, fellowshiped) at a session of the Eastern Asso- ciation, at Farmington, June 24,1824; and at Wayne, June 25,1825, he was ordained. More than half of his ministerial life was spent in Turner, though he has also been stationed at Livermore, Hallowell, Canton, and Auburn, all in the State of Maine. In Turner he preached for twenty-five years, the longest pastorate of any of our Maine clerg}', and it is worthy of note, that after a suit at law in which the town recovered the ministerial fund against the claim of the Congregational Society, the people of Turner, bjr a vote of the town, dismissed the minister of that church, Rev. Allen Greele}-, and settled Mr. Bates in his stead. With genuine liberality, however, the town, on getting possession of the fund, made a per capita distribution of it to all the societies in Turner, that each might have its proportionate share of the fund. During the early years of the "Gospel Banner," Mr. Bates acted as assistant editor, and enriched its columns with many interesting and valuable articles. In his preaching he was truly evangelical, winning, and impres- sive. His style was clear, unaffected and forcible. He was, however (says Rev. W. A. Drew), not so much of a Boanerges, son of thunder, as a Barnabas, son of conso- lation. He attended, in the course of his ministry, one thousand five hundred funerals, and united in wedlock six hundred couples. In his home, among his brethren in the ministry, yea, in every relation of life, he was the embodi- ment of kindness, gentleness, and hospitality, and diffused around him an atmosphere of serenity, good-nature and benevolence. He leaves a pleasant memory by his amiable and genial spirit and his blameless life. The beneficent influence of such a minister's life and character, not onty while he lives, but after his death, is wide-spread and long enduring.

V. Rev. Franklin Charles Flint, eldest child of Henry Harrison and Sarah (Bartlett) Flint, was born in Nelson, N. H., June 16, 1836, and died in Shrewsbury, Mass., March 23, 1876. In 1840, his family moved to Hancock, N. H., and in 1842, to Shrewsbury, Mass., where he worked on his father's farm and attended a district school. At an early age he showed an eager thirst for knowledge, and a desire for a classical education. He went through his pre- paratory course at Thetford (Vt.) Academy, and, in 1857, entered Amherst College. But, after spending two years there, he left, entered at Tufts, and graduated in 1861, the third in a class of twelve, with a philosophical oration. He was enabled to work his way through college by gaining, in a competitive examination, one of the scholarships granted by the State of Massachusetts to Tufts College, and by what he could earn in teaching school during his vacations. Upon graduating, he took charge of the high school in West- borough, Mass., and in the meantime turned his attention to theology. He preached his first sermon at Groton (now Ayer) Junction. In 1863, he preached in Dana and vicinity, teaching meanwhile a select school. In 1864-5, he taught a select school in Hyannis, Mass., and afterwards was assistant in the academy in Dudley. He was married in the summer of 1865, to Miss Mary Louisa Mellish of Auburn, Mass., and in the following September removed to Chatham, on Cape Cod, where he was ordained July 31, 1866. In Ma}-, 1867, he removed to Southbridge, Mass., where, as pastor of the Universalist Society, he proved himself a faithful minister, and also a useful member of the school committee, an efficient worker in the temperance cause, and by his active interest and cooperation in every good work, and by his frank and genial manners, won the respect and good-will of the people in and out of his parish. In 1874 he took charge of the Willow Park Seminary at Westborough, Mass., but resigned after one year. He preached for short periods at Oxford and Rockport. In 1874 he prepared for the press a memoir of the late Rev. W. W. Wilson, one of his predecessors in the pastorate at Southbridge. In Decem- ber, 1875, he took charge of the Universalist Society in Attleborough, Mass., but failing health compelled him to resign the position in March, 1876. His people voted him leave of absence, hoping that he might recover, and he went to his father's in Shrewsbury; but he rapidly grew worse until death came to his relief. His funeral took place at the Congregational church in Shrewsbury, the pastor of the church reading the Scriptures, and Rev. T. E. St. John of Worcester delivering a eulogy. m~i

VI. Rev. Stephen Presson Landers, son of Stephen and Polly (Long) Landers, was born in South Bainbridge (now Afton), N. Y., August 22, 1812, and died in Kirkland (Oneida Co.), April 15, 1876, in his sixty-fourth year. He was trained to his father's calling, that of farmer, and attended only the common district school until reaching the age of twenty-two, when he entered the Clinton Liberal Institute, and remained there three years. He began to preach in 1836, and labored for awhile in the ministry at Prompton and Gibson, Pa. He was ordained in 1839, at Binghamton, N. Y. In 1840 he moved to Andover, Mass., and from thence in 1841 to Worcester, in the same State, where he lived three years, and was instrumental in la3^ing the foundation of our cause in that city, by the organization of a church and the erection of a house of worship. In 1844 he moved to West Cambridge, and while supplying different parishes in the vicinity on Sundays, devoted his week days mainly to his favorite pursuit of horticulture and to the interests of a private seminary established by members of his household. In 1849 he returned to Clinton, N. Y., where he spent the remainder of his days. This was the former home of his wife, Miss Emily Barker, to whom he was married in 1842. At the time of his funeral she was pros- trated on a bed of sickness brought on by overexertion and anxiety on his account. Mr. Landers was one of the original corporators of the Franklin Iron Works in Clinton, and he had been in late years concerned in other manufactures. He took a specially strong interest in horticulture, and one of the finest orchards in Oneida County was set out and cared for by him. He was ver}' industrious and frugal in his habits, of an amiable and gentle disposition, public-spirited, unselfish in a marked degree, of pure life, and faithful to every trust. "His whole family, even to the remotest branches," writes his daughter (an only child), " are Universalists, and always have been since Universalism as such has been known. In his native town, half of the Universalists are named lenders, or are related." We knew Mr. Landers well while he lived in Massachusetts, and we can bear our testimony, from personal knowledge, that he was a man of faith, deeply interested in our denominational work. He leaves to his family and to the church the odor of a good name, the influence of a true and noble life.

VII. Mr. John Raymond Benham died at East Brome, Province of Quebec, April 19, 1876, aged sixty-four years. He had been a laborious, self-denying advocate of Univer- salism in Canada for forty years. He came out from the Free-will Baptists, and was received into our fellowship in 1831. In that part of the Province of Quebec known as the Eastern Townships, the Universalists are quite numerous, but are widety scattered, and a considerable part of the strength of our cause there is due to the labors of Mr. Ben- ham, who began to preach quite early in life, though getting little for his labor, and working on his farm in the meanwhile for the support of his family. He never spoke of himself as having "preached," but said he used to "talk" and "tell the good news "; and he always declined ordination because he was uneducated, and felt himself unworthy of the honor- able name of a " preacher." A brother preacher (Rev. H. E. Whitney), in writing of him, in June, 1873, said: "To me he seems as one of the prophets. He worked incessantly till his health broke down. Now he is an old man, at a little past sixty, and waiting for the renewing of his youth and another field of labor. I never tire of praising him, and I think that some time his name ought to have an honorable mention among our early workers,--the founders of our faith." Another friend of his (Rev. V. G. Wheelock), says, writing in May, 1875: "He was never ordained. He had ordination offered him at the hands of the denomination, but he declined it, having the views of the Quakers relating to ordination. I have known Brother Benham over tbirty years. He is a good man, and at an early day did our cause good service."

VIII. Rev. William Rogers Chamberlin, son of Thomas and Mary (Rogers) Chamberlin, was born in Brookfield (Carroll Co.), N. H., November 2,1816, and died in Clinton (Oneida Co.), N. Y., April 28, 1876. In the death of Mr. Chamberlin our ministry has suffered a serious loss. He was a man of marked ability, and as a preacher was much above the average. He had a great love of books, and was of a very studious habit. In his early manhood he followed for several years the vocation of school teacher. He was licensed to preach at Wolfborough, N. H., in 1844, and was ordained in Dighton, Mass., in 1847. While preaching at Dighton he accepted an invitation from a private individual to go to Abington, Va., and engage in missionary work in that State. For two years he preached in the Virginia backwoods--in its highways and byways--in school-houses, mills and log cabins--enduring great hardship, encountering many dangers, risking his life from violence, and depending for support solely upon Divine Providence. Young men in the ministry seeking for large salaries and easy places would do well to ponder his example. Mr. Chamberlin was not of that class. He steadily pursued his work in that section until he felt that it was the Lord's will he should go elsewhere. In the fall of 1849 he went to Cincinnati, O., and for twelve years was employed as a book-keeper. But though engaged during the week in secular pursuits, his activity in behalf of his faith did not in the least diminish. He connected himself with the Second Universalist Church in that city, and for three years was superintendent of its Sunday school. Subsequently he became superintendent of the school at the First Church, and held the position for Ill seven years. It was in this capacity that he was eminently fitted for usefulness. His influence over children was unbounded. He was all kindness and gentleness, and the children instinctively regarded him as their natural friend. His imagination was exceedingly fertile. He abounded in stories such as children ever love to hear; and he never failed, at the conclusion of the lessons, to improvise a story focalized around some striking truth, which was certain to hold both old and young spell-bound. He laughed and cried by turns, and with these emotions the school was always in close sympathy. He had all the gifts of an improvisatore of the olden time. Bui he was never thoroughly in harmony with his secular work. He knew he was out of his proper element. He longed to be at work again in the ministry, and in 1867 laid aside his accountant's pen, and resumed the armor of the preacher. He was settled successively at Mendota, 111.; Vinton, Council Bluffs, and Dubuque, Iowa; and at Clinton, N. Y., at which last place he spent his last days. His work at Clinton was very successful. He attached bis people to himself by his amiable disposition, his unselfish spirit, and his devotion to his work. His personal influence was greatly aided by his marked ability as a preacher. Having a wide acquaintance with books and a fine literary taste, his sermons were always neat, compact, and often highly polished. Intellectual, cultivated people always admired and enjoyed thera. When, in 1873, he went on a sort of missionary tour to England and Scotland, wherever he preached his sermons were highly spoken of, and it is known that they impressed on those who heard them a high idea of American Univer- salism. He undoubtedly did a good work for our faith in the United Kingdom. For the last three or four years of his life he was a great sufferer from an incurable disease, but he worked steadily on till within a few weeks of his death. His last service was held at his own house, March 21, 1876, when he arose from his sick-bed and gave the right hand of fellowship to twent3- one persons, baptizing seven, and consecrating the babe of a friend. With this service his work on earth was done, and yet not wholly done, for it was appointed that he should bear thrilling testimony with respect to death. On Sunday evening preceding his death, he said with deep feeling: "The idea of heaven open, and angels ascending and descending, is beautiful, is poetical. But the life of trust which enters the heart and brings heaven down to us, to make the way smooth, is mine. I can therefore leave you all to that beneficent Providence which has been, and is now. mv support." On Thursday morning, the day before he died, he said, •'I wish you would all come into the room together, for I have learned something about dying which I want all of you to hear." When those whom he addressed appeared, he said, "Dying undisturbed is exceedingly pleasant, restful, and beautiful,--consciousness settles down gradually into unconsciousness. But death seems often very timhi. The least noise--the opening of a door, voices in another room-- frightens him away for a time. For this reason, protect the dying." The announcement of his physician that his end was near, he hailed with joy. Like Stephen of old, he saw heaven opened, and he longed to enter it and be at rest. Thus triumphantly passed away an able preacher of the gospel, and a most excellent Christian man,--one, indeed, whom our whole denomination should delight to remember and honor. He was married in 1841 to Miss Sophia R. Smith, who survives him. He left no children.

IX. Rev. Zadock Howard Howe, son of Timothy and Betsy (Howard) Howe, was born in Turner, Me., July 28, 1818, and died in Monroe, Wis., June 6,1876, having nearly completed his fifty-eighth year. He received an academical education at Kent's Hill Seminary, in Readfield, Me., and studied in preparation for the ministry with Rev. Leander Hussey in Durham, Me., where, in 1844, he was licensed to preach. He was ordained in the summer of 1846, at Abing- ton, Mass. After a brief ministry in North Turner, Me., and West Amesbury, Mass., he was engaged in 1849-50 in itinerating and selling denominational books. In the fall of 1850, he went to Milwaukee, Wis., remaining there about a year; in 1851 he was located in Belvidere, 111., and in 1852, in Machias, Me. In the autumn of 1852, he was married to Mrs. Maria M. Churchill, a native of Hartland, Vt. In the spring of 1853, he removed to Bristol, Me., remaining there till the fall of 1858, when he removed to Monroe, Wis., but after preaching there a year and a half, be was compelled by failing health to suspend his labors. He had long sutfered from a bronchial trouble, which made public speaking difficult and laborious, and which was the cause of frequent removals. He found travel and change of climate beneficial and even indispensable in his case. He moved to Madison, Wis., in 1860; but in 1863 he returned to Monroe, which was his home for the remainder of his life, and for the last six or seven years he was the postmaster of the town. During the war of the rebellion he was appointed chaplain of the fifth Wisconsin regiment, but resigned after three months, sick. For the last thirty years he had suffered much from ill- health, which interfered seriously with his success as a preacher; but in other ways he fulfilled a ministry of the highest quality. His intellectual powers were clear, keen and strong, and continued so to the last. Not less is to be said of his heart than of his head. Such were the guile- lessness of his soul, the gentleness of his disposition, and his abounding good-nature, that he grew more and more into the esteem and love of the community, which now mounts his loss. His soul burned with philanthropy. He loved the true and the right so ardently, that he hated falsehood and wrong. In theolog3', as in his theories of reform in general, he was very radical, holding firmly, and conscien- tiously and bravely, to the naturalistic views of the so-called Liberal wing of theologians, and did not feel himself in complete harmony with the policy of the Universalist Denomination, yet embracing with his whole heart its funda- mental and distinguishing tenets. But of his native purity of heart, the sweetness of his temper, the refinement of his manners, the open-hearted frankness and sincerity of his nature, and his large-hearted, unselfish devotion to the truth and right, as he saw the truth and right, too much can hardly be said in his praise. A confidential correspondence carried on with him for a series of years, revealed to us the noble nature of the man, and evinced a high order of literary ability, and a soul all aflame with noble and generous im- pulses, though hampered all through life, and deprived of executive force and efficiency, by continued ill-health. In sympathy with his family, and a large oircle of his relatives and associates, we mourn, in his death, the loss of a dear and faithful friend.

X. Rev. Ichabod Blakeslee Sharp, the eleventh child of Hendrick and Hannah (Blakeslee) Sharp, was born in Greene (Chenango Co.), N. Y., April 3, 1811, and died in Hume, N. Y., June 24, 1876. Mr. Sharp's father was born in Germany, but came to this country with his parents when he was but a child. His mother was born in Chenango County, N. Y., but was of English parentage. His parents were rigid close-communion Baptists, and taught their children that all persons outside of their own church were essentially and fatally wrong. Having been thus educated, Mr. Sharp, at the age of twenty-two, united with the Second Baptist Church in Eaton (Madison Co.); but its narrow creed and exclusiveness did not satisfy him, and four years afterward, viz., August 31, 1837, he was licensed to preach by the Chenango Universalist Association at its session in Upper Lisle, though he commenced preaching three years earlier. After one 3-ear in Pharsalia (Madison Co.), he removed to Hume (Allegany Co.) in the fall of 1838. He was ordained at Randolph (Cattaraugus Co.), February 24, 1839. He preached in Hume four years, and in Friendship and Philipsburg three years. In 1848 he set- tled in Cuba, and there, with the exception of a single year, lived for the remainder of his life, preaching in various places as an itinerant and missionary. Faithfully for more than forty years he labored in the gospel ministry, winning the confidence of the people wherever he had lived, and leav- ing a good name behind him when he died. He had been for many years the victim of disease, and often apparently near the grave, yet he lived to the age of sixty-five to proclaim the glad tidings of universal grace. He came to his deatli by an accident, very suddenly, and while in his usual state of health, as he was on his way to the annual session of the Allegany Association. He had gone in a carriage with a friend about eight miles from home, when they drove on to a canal bridge, which gave way, precipitating them into the canal. It is supposed that he was instantly killed by the falling timbers, and thus, in four short hours after parting ■ from his family, he was brought back a corpse. He had been twice married; the second time to Mrs. Marilla Meacbam, October 1, 1859, who survives him, together with a son and daughter by the first marriage. His funeral took place at Hume, Rev. F. M. Alvord officiating, assisted by Elder Morey of the Baptist Church, who spoke very feelingly of the loss the community had sustained by the death of a true Christian man and a conse- crated minister of Christ. The Masonic Fraternity, of which he was a member, took charge of his remains, and performed a solemn and impressive service at the grave.

XI. Rev. Hope Bain died at his home in Goldsboro', N. C, after a short illness, October 5, 1876, in the eighty- second jear of his age. His father (also named Hope Bain) was an officer in the British navy, a Scotchman by birth, who married an English lady residing at the Island of Antigua, West Indies, a widow Watts, whose maiden name was Elizabeth Hobbie. They went on a visit to Aberdeen, Scotland, and there the subject of this notice was born, May 30, 1795. The father returned to the West Indies, sold his commission, removed with his family to Maryland, and, being a scholar, he taught school after he left the navy up to the time of his death. He died in Baltimore in 1812. The son served during the war of 1812, young as he was, as a member of a Baltimore company of volunteers attached to the Fifth Regiment, and was in the battles of Bladensburg and West Point. He was raised a Presbyterian, and was a member of that church for many years. In 1830 he was appointed an agent to labor in West Tennessee and in the valley of the Mississippi for the American Sunday School Union. He became a Universalist in 1847, and was ordained a preacher at Norfolk, Va., in 1848. He was for fifteen years a teacher in Virginia. He moved to North Carolina in December, 1851, and preached, before the war of the rebellion, in twenty counties; since then he has preached occasionally in six counties. His last sermon was in Golds- boro,' in 1875. Anticipating his approaching departure, he said that at the age of eighty-one he could not expect to remain here much longer. He felt that he was nearing the blissful home above, there to be united to his loved ones gone before. He had lost eight children. He had been married three 117 times. There are a son and daughter of the first wife living; also a son and daughter by the third wife, and their mother. He was widely known in North Carolina, and manjT will drop a tear to the memory of Hope Bain. He was a Union man in the strictest sense, thoroughly loyal to the government during the late war, which alienated from him many of his former associates and hearers, but he never wavered in his devotion to his country and to the cause of universal grace; and, though without pecuniary resources, he continued to preach wherever there was an opening, aud with little or no remuneration labored faithfully and stead- fastly in the ministry as long as health and strength lasted. As evidence of the man's sincerity and integrity, we will quote one sentence from a letter to the editor of the Register, in 1871: "I shall esteem it a favor if you will send me the Register. It cannot be long, at most, when I shall be done with the things of earth. I have a wife and three children to provide for, and I can assure you, my brother, I am greatly straitened in pecuniary matters; but this one thing I am resolved on, to owe no man anything. I consider it wrong to contract debts not seeing a possibility of paying them, and thereby bringing reproach upon our glorious cause."

SOME NOTICES OF PROMINENT LAYMEN DECEASED.

Hon. Job Prince, a lineal descendant of Governor Prince of the Plymouth Colonj', was born in Buckfield, Me., March 17, 1795, and died in Turner, Me., April 30, 1875, aged eighty years. Mr. Prince moved to Turner in early life, and at once began to exhibit that strength of character, aptitude for business and purity of heart which ever distinguished him. In the settlement of estates, in the pension business, in various town, county and state offices, he performed every duty with fidelity. For two years he was president of the Senate of Maine, and a very efficient officer. For several years he was judge of probate for the county of Androscoggin. He was a man of generous nature, public-spirited, an active member of the Universalist Society in Turner, punctual in his attendance On public worship, always helpful to the minister, and, as a parishioner, not exacting in his demands nor difficult to satisfy. He was considerate and candid in judging men. He was firm in his faith, without a spice of bigotry, devoted to his church, yet not narrow nor clannish. In his last sickness he was resigned to the Divine will, and calmly made the needful arrangements for his funeral. He left a wife and three children,--two sons and a daughter.

Moses Mkllen, a venerable and worthy member of the Second Universalist Church in Boston, died December 3, 1875, in the seventy-ninth year of his age. He was connected with the School Street Church during the ministry of Rev. Hosea Ballou, and for years was one of its deacons. He was one of the brethren who organized the Publishing House, and was its first treasurer. He was a pioneer in the tem- perance cause, and the last survivor of the original Massa- chusetts Temperance Society. He was among the founders of the Home for Aged Men, and its treasurer, and he was a director of the Home for Aged Women. He was a philan- thropist, indeed, worthy of the name. The amount of his gratuitous labor in devising and carrying forward meas- ures of relief for the aged, indigent and suffering was truly immense, for his efforts in this direction were constant and long continued. His life was long and useful, his death was calm and peaceful, and his memory is honored and precious.

Stephen Van Schaack of New York City died while visiting at the home of his son-in-law, William Savery, Esq., in South Carver, Mass., July 5, 1876, in the eighty-fourth year of his age. He was a native of New York, and belonged to one of the old Dutch families of that once Dutch city, and was brought up, of course, in what was formerly called the Dutch Reformed, now known as the Reformed Church, and educated in the most rigid principles of Calvanism, such as were propounded in the famous Council of Dort in 1618-19. Mr. Van Schaack had already attained the age of manhood before his attention was called to Universalism ; but when he became acquainted with its claims, its character, its evi- dences, he embraced it with all his heart, for it satisfied his intellect and answered all the affections and desires of his soul. "Thenceforth" (says Rev. Dr. Sawyer, to whom we are indebted for the materials of this notice), "its spirit be- came the indwelling and controlling principle of his life, and seldom have I seen it so steadily or beautifully carried out in life. Mr. Van Schaack's religion was no Sunday affair, to be put on and off like a garment. It was equally bright and active at all times and under all circumstances, as well in the market as in the church. It penetrated his whole being, polarized his thought, and gave tone and direction to his entire life. He was at the head of the Albany parish in 1830, when I first became acquainted with him. In this position he continued through the long and successful minis- try of Kev. Dr. Williamson, and also that of Rev. Stephen R. Smith. Nor was his influence confined to that parish. He held a prominent place in the Hudson River Association, to which his parish belonged, and through it in the New York Convention. When the bequest of Col. Harsen, the far-seeing and provident friend of our cause in New York, came into the keeping of the Convention, Mr. Van Schaack was made one of the permanent trustees of the fund, and held this important charge to the close of his life, or till the infirmities of age induced him to resign it, and enjoyed the satisfaction of seeing the $6,000, of which it consisted, not only increased more than fivefold, but accomplishing, year after year, an ever-increasing amount of good. "His financial misfortunes were a calamity to the parish in Albany and to our cause generally. Having accumulated a handsome competence, he sold out a well-established and profitable business and retired, to be not long after ruined by some unfortunate indorsements. This event, disastrous as it was, seemed to have very slight effect upon his happi- ness. He valued wealth chiefly for the power it conferred of doing good, and as its possession added no intrinsic worth to his character, so its loss detracted nothing from the dignity of an upright man. He removed, soon after this loss of his fortune, to New York, where, without a murmur at the change in his external fortunes, or a shadow on his cheer- ful face, he assumed the duties of a clerk, and spent the remainder of his days--the decline of his life--in an honor- able, because useful, vocation. "Altogether,, the subject of this notice was a remarkable man,--remarkable for his goodness and fidelity, and equally remarkable for his devotion to the interests of religion and truth. He lived to the age of about eighty-three years, and died, we are sure, without an enemy. For the last year of his life, his health had sensibly failed, and his decline was perhaps hastened by the death of two of his sons, the eldest residing in Central or Western New York, and another, who had risen to distinction as a lawyer, and at the time of his death held the important office of Surrogate of the City and County of New York. Leaving the city, Mr. Van Schaack closed his days peacefully at the residence of his eldest daughter, Mrs. Save^, in the town of Carver, Mass. "His wife, a most estimable woman and devoted Christian, had passed away many years before, and he leaves several children to mourn the loss of an honored and beloved father, but to find consolation in the faith he cherished and in a thousand grateful and sustaining memories."

Judge Gillman Dodley died in Caldwell (Noble Co.), Ohio, December 5, 1875, in his eighty-third year. He went into the vicinity of Caldwell in 1815, when he was twenty- four years old, a pioneer in the settlement of the country and missionary of Universalism. He was an honest man, an earnest defender of the truth, of strong and retentive memory, widely known and highly esteemed. (So says the "Star in the West" of December 23, 1875.)

Israel Washburne, Sr., died in Liveimore, Me., Sep- tember 1, 1876, in his ninety-first year. He was born in Raynham, Mass. In the autumn of 1806 he left his native town to seek his fortune in Maine, and his first engagement was that of school teacher, in Pownalboro' (now Dresden), which was then the shire town of Lincoln Count}'. The present village and business of Richmond, opposite Dresden, owe their origin to his conception. There, surrounded by an almost unbroken forest, he and his partner (Mr. White) located themselves, and built up a business in shipping cord- wood to Boston and elsewhere for a market. They built the "Portumnus," the first vessel ever launched at that place, which has since become the largest ship-building port in Maine, except Bath. Mr. Washburne subsequently removed to Livermore, where he engaged in mercantile business, and where he spent the remainder of his days. Here he married Miss Martha Benjamin, daughter of a revolutionary officer, by whom he had eight sons and three daughters, all but two of whom--one son and one daughter--still survive. "Here," says Rev. W. A. Drew, from whom we derive the materials of this sketch, "in 1821, I made my first acquaintance with Mr. Washburne, it having been my privilege, in the early days of my ministry, to preach more or less in Livermore. During my frequent visits to his family, ever characterized for its hospitality, I was always pleased to remark the domestic order of his house, as conducted b}- his queenly wife, who was worthy, and well qualified" to be the head of such a household. We all know that it is the inspiration children receive whilst under the immediate care and coun- sels of parents that gives much of tone and character to the subsequent life. And there can be no doubt that there, in that well-ordered Christian home, was laid the foundation of what the world has since seen, one of the families most remarkable for success in public life that was ever reared in this country. We need only say that riches and honor have been the reward of Mr. Washburue's excellent example and the influence of his noble wife. Seldom indeed does any father see seven sons achieve such high honor and abundant success in public life as Mr. Washburne. Their names and record may be briefly outlined as follows :--

Israel Washburne, Jr., LL. D., was ten years a member of Congress, was Governor of Maine during the rebellion, Col- lector of Customs at Portland, Me., and President for several years of the Board of Trustees of Tufts College. Elihu B. Washburne, a lawyer, member of Congress for seventeen years from Illinois, Secretary of State of the United States, and for the last eight years Minister Plenipotentiary to Trance, a position he filled with singular felicity and fidelity during the Franco-Prussian war.

Caduallader C. Washburne, LL. D., a lawyer, member of Congress for ten years from Wisconsin, Major-General during the late civil war, and afterwards Governor of Wisconsin. He is said to be the owner of the largest flour manufactory in the United States, and a millionaire. These three brothers were representa- tives in Congress from three different States at one and the same time.

Charles A. Washburne, a graduate of Bowdoin College, an editor, one of the Electors at large of President Lincoln, Minister Resident at Paraguay, and author of a history of that country in two large volumes, and of other literary works.

Algernon S. Washburne, a banker, who never aspired to political life.

Samuel B. Washburne, a shipmaster; and

William Drew Washburne, a graduate of Bowdoin College, a lawyer, Surveyor-General of the State of Minnesota, a member of the Legislature, and said to be a millionaire.

This must certainly be admitted to be a very remarkable family.

When the father was felicitated on the promotion of his sons, he replied: "It is true my sons have come to honor, but that is not what gives me the greatest pleasure, or what excites my highest gratitude, but it is that they have always been good children,--all of them,--who have maintained virtuous characters through life, and have never brought shame or disgrace to the family escutcheon."

Mr. Washburne was a member of the Massachusetts Leg- islature in 1815, '16, '18, '19, and possessed a vast fund of information on political subjects, and especially on the his- tory of our county. It remains only to say, what may be inferred from what has been said of the sons, that Mr. Washburne was a very intelligent, decided and consistent Universalist, as well as his wife, and that they adorned their faith by lives of corresponding virtue and benevolence, and to them and their distinguished sons, in the East and in the West, our cause has been so long and so deeply indebted as to call for recognition and acknowledgment in these pages.

James L. Camp, long a prominent and active member of the Universalist Society in Baltimore, Md., died in that city, of apoplexy, March 24, 1876, in the sixtieth year of his age.

Godfrey Ryder, Esq., father of Rev. Dr. Ryder of Chicago, and long a pillar in the Universalist Church in Provincetown, Mass., died in July, 1876.

Hon. Francis B. Fay of Lancaster, Mass., a public-spirited and noble-hearted friend of the Universalist Church, died October 6, 1876, aged eighty-three years and three months. While these pages are going through the press, we hear that Rev. Isaac Dowd Williamson, D. D., of Cincinnati, Ohio, whose praise is in all our churches, and also Rev. Abraham Adkinson of Stringtown, Ind., have departed this life; but it is too late to give them an adequate notice in this issue of the Register.


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