Timothy L. S. Sprigge was born in 1932 in London. He has taught philosophy at the Universities of Sussex and of Edinburgh. (In the latter he was Professor of Logic and Metaphysics.) His books include Santayana: An Examination of his Philosophy (1974) ; Theories of Existence (1984) ; The Vindication of Absolute Idealism (1984) ; The Rational Foundations of Ethics (1987) : James and Bradley: American Truth and British Reality (1993). He is a member of St Mark's Unitarian Church in Edinburgh and, having recently moved from Scotland to the South of England, he now attends the Unitarian Church in Brighton.
Mrs Humphry Ward